Infinite time Turing machines with only one tape

[bibtex key=HamkinsSeabold2001:OneTape]

Infinite time Turing machines with only one tape are in many respects fully as powerful as their multi-tape cousins. In particular, the two models of machine give rise to the same class of decidable sets, the same degree structure and, at least for functions $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{N}$, the same class of computable functions. Nevertheless, there are infinite time computable functions $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ that are not one-tape computable, and so the two models of supertask computation are not equivalent. Surprisingly, the class of one-tape computable functions is not closed under composition; but closing it under composition yields the full class of all infinite time computable functions. Finally, every ordinal which is clockable by an infinite time Turing machine is clockable by a one-tape machine, except certain isolated ordinals that end gaps in the clockable ordinals.

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